Water Filtration /Treatment and Softeners
Water Filtration/ Water Conditioners/ Water Softeners / Water Cleaning
As it leaves the skies in the form of rain, water is soft, meaning it is clear of impurities. As the water falls it picks up carbon dioxide and other impurities in the air. It also dissolves calcium and magnesium salts as it soaks through the earth and runs off into rivers or lakes and collects in reservoirs or wells. If enough is picked up the water will become "hard". This water leaves mineral deposits which clog plumbing equipment and appliances making it unsatisfactory for household or industrial uses. Most notably in the home, hard water inhibits proper sudsing of soaps, shampoos and detergents. Water conditioners and softeners remove these impurities in the water and return it to its "soft" condition.
Why is soft water important? A water softener can reduce the hardness of the water in your home. A water softener conditions the water by trading the minerals for something else, in most cases sodium. The process is called ion exchange. Have soft water by means of a water softener can assist in keeping your appliances cleaner and lasting longer. You skin could feel better. You will use less soaps with the use of a water softener.
The heart of a water softener is a mineral tank. It's filled with small polystyrene beads, also known as resin or zeolite. The beads carry a negative charge.
Calcium and magnesium in water both carry positive charges. This means that these minerals will cling to the beads as the hard water passes through the mineral tank. Sodium ions also have positive charges, albeit not as strong as the charge on the calcium and magnesium. When a very strong brine solution is flushed through a tank that has beads already saturated with calcium and magnesium, the sheer volume of the sodium ions is enough to drive the calcium and magnesium ions off the beads. Water softeners have a separate brine tank that uses common salt to create this brine solution.
In normal operation, hard water moves into the mineral tank and the calcium and magnesium ions move to the beads, replacing sodium ions. The sodium ions go into the water. Once the beads are saturated with calcium and magnesium, the unit enters a 3-phase regenerating cycle. First, the backwash phase reverses water flow to flush dirt out of the tank. In the recharge phase, the concentrated sodium-rich salt solution is carried from the brine tank through the mineral tank. The sodium collects on the beads, replacing the calcium and magnesium, which go down the drain. Once this phase is over, the mineral tank is flushed of excess brine and the brine tank is refilled.
Check A Pro Houston is your local source for pre-qualified service providers in Houston Texas.
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Houston Water Filtration/ Houston Water Conditioners/ Houston Water Softeners / Houston Water Cleaning
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